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Windfall Profit is a profit that occurs suddenly as a result of an event not controlled by the company or person realizing the gain from the event. They can occur due to unforeseen circumstances in a product's market, such as unexpected demand or government regulation. Since the profits were unforeseen, some legislators believe that taxing them at a higher rate, or confiscating them outright, should not hurt the company. This type of taxation is known as a windfall profits tax.