Wiretap Act Law and Legal Definition

The Wiretap Act refers to Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.

The act has dual purposes:

a. protecting the privacy of wire and oral communications; and

b. delineating on a uniform basis the circumstances and conditions under which the interception of wire and oral communications may be authorized.

The act:

a. prohibits the unauthorized, non consensual interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications by government agencies as well as private parties;

b. establishes procedures for obtaining warrants to authorize wiretapping by government officials; and

c. regulates the disclosure and use of authorized intercepted communications by investigative and law enforcement officers.