The Interjurisdictional Fisheries Act (“Act”) is federal legislation that promotes and encourages state activities in support of the management of interjurisdictional fishery resources. Pursuant to 16 USCS § 4102, the term interjurisdictional fishery resource means:
1.A fishery resource for which a fishery occurs in waters under the jurisdiction of one or more states and the exclusive economic zone;
2.A fishery resource for which there exists an interstate fishery management plan; or
3.A fishery resource which migrates between the waters under the jurisdiction of two or more States bordering on the Great Lakes.
The following are some of the purposes of the Act:
1.Promoting and encouraging management of interjurisdictional fishery resources throughout their range; and
2.Encouraging research in preparation for the implementation of the use of ecosystems ;
3.Encouraging interspecies approaches to the conservation and management of interjurisdictional fishery resources throughout their range.