Runaway Production is a term used in the film industry to refer to film production and television shows that are filmed in another country but intended for initial release in the U.S. The reason for runaway production is to reduce the cost of production of the film.
There are two types of runaway productions. They are creative runaways and economic runaways. Creative runaway productions are referred to film and television projects that are produced outside the U.S. based on requirements of the script, setting, or due to preferences of the actors or director. Whereas, economic runaway productions are productions made in other countries aiming to reduce costs.
Runaway production has put American film industry workers and companies at disadvantage. Some members of Congress have attempted to decrease the tendency of creating runaway productions providing incentives.