General Assembly Law and Legal Definition

A general assembly is the legislative branch of the state government. In most states it comprises two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Bills may be sponsored by a Senator or Representative, or by a Senate or House committee. All bills must be approved by both the Senate and the House before being sent to the Governor for final approval.

For example, in Iowa, the State Constitution provides that the Senate shall be composed of no more than 50 Senators and the House of Representatives shall be composed of no more than 100 Representatives. Currently there are 50 Senate districts. Each Senate district is composed of two House districts.