General Land Office [GLO] Law and Legal Definition

General Land Office (GLO) was a federal agency of the U.S. It was created in 1812 and was in existence only until 1946 when it merged with the U.S. Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management in order to administer public lands under the federal ownership. The GLO was administered by the Homestead Act and the Preemption Act in disposal of public lands. It was entitled to exercise executive power relating to public lands, including their survey, patenting, and sale or other disposition. Congress authorized the GLO to manage forest reserves and its primary functions were to issue leases and collect fees from minerals off lands. [Hawley v. Diller, 178 U.S. 476 (U.S. 1900)].