The Goldwater-Nichols Act (Act) is a federal legislation enacted in 1986. The Act established the command structure of the U.S. military. Likewise, the Act efficiently restructured the U.S. military chain of command by centralizing military advice and simplifying the chain of command. The Act provides for training and equipping, personnel for the unified combatant commands.[ 10 USCS § 164]. This Act was named after Senator Barry Goldwater and Representator William Flynt Nichols.
This Act facilitated the Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Gulf War to function efficiently, allowing the U.S. commander to exercise full control over army, navy and air force. This Act also brought many significant changes in the personnel management of military officers.