Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration Law and Legal Definition

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) is a federal agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). It facilitates the marketing of livestock, poultry, meat, cereals, oilseeds, and related agricultural products, and promotes fair and competitive trading practices for the overall benefit of consumers and U.S. agriculture.

The GIPSA was established in 1994 as part of the reorganization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Two previously independent agencies: the Federal Grain Inspection Service and the Packers and Stockyards Administration were joined to form the GIPSA. Now GIPSA is part of USDA's Marketing and Regulatory Programs, which are working to ensure a productive and competitive global marketplace for U.S. agricultural products.

The Packers and Stockyards Programs of the GIPSA ensures open and competitive markets for livestock, meat, and poultry. The Federal Grain Inspection Service (FGIS) of the GIPSA facilitates in marketing U.S. grain and related agricultural products by establishing standards for quality assessments, regulating handling practices, and managing a network of Federal, State, and private laboratories that provide impartial, user fee funded official inspection and weighing services.