Hague Tribunal Law and Legal Definition

Hague tribunal refers to the Permanent Court of Arbitration established in 1899. It was established by the Hague Peace Conference to facilitate arbitration to unsettled international disputes. It also administered cases arising out of international treaties including bilateral and multilateral investment treaties, and other agreements to arbitrate. The tribunal was given jurisdiction over all arbitration cases. [Boland v. Bank Sepah-Iran, 614 F. Supp. 1166 (S.D.N.Y. 1985)]

Second Hague Conference of 1907 provided that, among the two arbitrators appointed by each party, only one should be a national of the appointing state. The Hague Tribunal is considered permanent due to the fact that there is a permanent list of members from among whom the arbitrators are chosen. The tribunal has power to impose prison sentences up to life but it does not have a power to impose death penalty. However, the tribunal has no policing power or police force and relies for these on the cooperation of various states for arrests, documents, and compulsory producing of witnesses.