Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Aids Law and Legal Definition

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are impacted by may legal issues. State laws on testing for HIV and AIDS vary by state. Some laws provide that a person's informed consent to testing for HIV infection may be implied in some instances, such as:

  1. Said individual is, based upon reasonable medical judgment, at high risk for HIV infection;
  2. Said individual's medical care may be modified by the presence or absence of HIV infection;
  3. The HIV status of the said individual shall be necessary in order to protect health care personnel from HIV infection.

The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act is the cornerstone of the nation’s response to the need for life saving care and support services for people living with HIV diseases across the country, the Territories, and Puerto Rico. The Ryan White CARE Act funds primary care and support services for individuals living with HIV disease who lack health insurance and financial resources for their care. Health care and support services are the primary focus of the legislation.

There are numerous legal areas affected by the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS, such as health care, insurance, discrimination, and others. Some of the federal government agencies dealing with AIDS and HIV include;

  • CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (NCHSTP)
  • CDC - National Prevention Information Network
  • Census Bureau
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
  • DHHS -Office of Minority Health - Minority HIV/AIDS Initiative
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Guide to NIH HIV/AIDS Information Services
  • Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
  • HIV/AIDS Resources (NLM-SIS)
  • HRSA HIV/AIDS Services
  • Indian Health Service - HIV Center of Excellence
  • National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • National Library of Medicine (NLM)
  • The Surgeon General HIV/AIDS site