Human Rights Law and Legal Definition

Human rights deals with the concepts of humanitarian intervention, self-determination, and providing relief to the wounded and other victims of armed conflicts and oppression. International human rights law is treaty based. These treaties are promulgated by international organizations such as the United Nations and its specialized agencies, the Council of Europe, and other organizations. One of tne of the purposes of the UN is "[t]o achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion".

United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) UNESCO is a specialized agency of the UN. Its constitution was adopted by the London Conference in November 1945, and entered into effect on 4 November 1946. The main objective of UNESCO is to contribute to peace and security in the world by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science, culture and communication in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and human rights and fundamental freedoms.

International Labour Organization (ILO) The ILO was established on June 28, 1919 by Part XII of the Treaty of Versailles. Its constitution became operative on April 11, 1919. It was recognized by the UN as a specialized agency in 1946. Among the issues to which the ILO devotes itself are: hours of work, adequate living wages, protection of the worker, recognition of the principle of freedom of association, recognition of the principle of equal renumeration for work of equal value. The ILO has adopted many conventions over the years, several of which relate to the area of human rights.