Immigration Court Law and Legal Definition

Immigration Court is an administrative court that hears removal and deportation proceedings. Foreign nationals can acquire legal status in the U.S. or may be removed from the U.S. depending on the decisions made by immigration judges. Appeals from the Immigration Court are heard by the Board of Immigration Appeals.

The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is an office within the U.S. Department of Justice that is responsible for adjudicating immigration cases in the U.S. The EOIR oversees immigration courts in the United States through the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge.

As of 2008, there are approximately 52 immigration courts throughout the U.S.