Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) Law and Legal Definition

Immigration and Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) enforces that employers can only hire persons who can legally work in the U.S. (citizens and nationals of the U.S. and aliens authorized to work in the U.S). Employers must verify the identity and employment eligibility of anyone to be hired, which includes completing the Employment Eligibility Verification Form (I-9). Employers must keep each I-9 on file for at least three years, or one year after employment ends, whichever is longer.. Employers who fail to complete and/or retain the I 9 forms are subject to penalties. The Immigration Reform and Control Act prohibits employers from discriminating in employment on the basis of citizenship or national origin. The law applies to employers with as few as four employees.