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Increased-Risk-of-Harm Doctrine is a legal principle mainly applicable to medical malpractice suits. According to this principle, a person can claim damages against a doctor who has engaged in medical malpractice although it does not result in a particular injury, but decreases or eliminates the chance of surviving or recovering from the preexisting condition for which the doctor was consulted. This doctrine is applicable to majority of the states in the U.S. whereas some states have rejected it.
Increased-Risk-of-Harm Doctrine is also known as Loss-of-Chance Doctrine.