Indian Claims Commission Law and Legal Definition

The Indian Claims Commission was created by the Act of August 13, 1946 to hear claims of Indian tribes against the United States. The Commission created a process for tribes to address their grievances against the United States. The Commission offered monetary compensation for territory lost as a result of broken federal treaties. Nevertheless, the aggrieved tribe relinquished their right to raise their claim in future, once they accepted the monetary compensation. In some cases, the tribes abandoned their federal status as a tribe after accepting compensation. The Commission was dissolved in 1978, and the pending cases were transferred to the United States Court of Claims.