Information Law and Legal Definition

An information is an accusation or criminal charge similar to an indictment, except that it is brought by the public prosecutor rather than a grand jury. The information must state the alleged crimes in writing and must be delivered to the defendant at the first court appearance. A preliminary hearing must be held within a short time after the information is delivered if it contains charges of a felony. The prosecution is required to present enough evidence to convince the judge holding the hearing that the crime or crimes charged were committed and the defendant is likely to have committed them. Some or all of the charges in the information may proceed to trial, or be dismissed.