Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation Act Law and Legal Definition

The Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation Act (“Act”) is a federal legislation that establishes a national integrated System of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes. The Act also observes systems, comprised of federal and non-federal components coordinated at the national level by the National Ocean Research Leadership Council. The following are the purposes of the Act:

1.To address regional and national needs for ocean information;

2. To gather specific data on key coastal, ocean, and Great Lakes variables; and

3.To ensure timely and sustained dissemination of data to support national defense, marine commerce, navigation safety, weather, climate, and marine forecasting.

In addition, the Act promotes greater public awareness and stewardship of the nation's ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources and the general public welfare. It also advances in scientific understanding to support the sustainable use, conservation, management, and understanding of healthy ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources. The Act improves the nation's capability to measure, track, explain, and predict events related directly and indirectly to weather and climate change, natural climate variability, and interactions between the oceanic and atmospheric environments.