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Intermediate scrutiny is a term of Constitutional law which refers to a test used in some contexts to determine the constitutionality of a law. The challenged law must advance an important government interest by means that are substantially related to that interest in order to pass intermediate scrutiny. Intermediate scrutiny is less rigorous than strict scrutiny, but more thorough than normal review. Intermediate scrutiny is used in equal protection challenges to gender classifications, as well as in cases where right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression from government interference is involved.