International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Law and Legal Definition

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It was adopted on December 16, 1966, and came into force from March 23, 1976. ICCPR transformed the freedoms recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into legal obligations on the part of each ratifying nation. The Covenant established a Human Rights Committee which receives implementation reports concerning compliance with the Covenant.

The International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights reads in pertinent part: All persons shall be equal before the courts and tribunals. In the determination of any criminal charge against him, or of his rights and obligations in a suit at law, everyone shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law. Any judgment rendered in a criminal case or in a suit at law shall be made public except where the interest of juveniles otherwise requires or the proceedings concern matrimonial disputes or the guardianship of children. [Kazi v. Dubai Petroleum Co., 961 S.W.2d 313 (Tex. App. Houston 1st Dist. 1997)].