International Private Law Law and Legal Definition

International private law or private international law is a set of rules of procedural law that regulates the relationships between physical and judicial persons of different nationalities. It determines which legal system and the law of which jurisdiction will apply to a legal dispute among private individuals involving a foreign element. It is also called as conflict of laws. The three branches of international private law are jurisdiction, choice of law, and foreign judgments.

According to the international private law, civil cases containing a foreign element, such as a contract made locally and which has to be performed in another country, the laws of the legal system specified in a contract will be applied and, if no legal system was specified, rules laid down by the convention becomes applicable.