International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Law and Legal Definition

The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is an international treaty formulated for guaranteeing food security. Pursuant to the treaty, farmers enjoy a number of rights. It is commonly known as the International Seed Treaty. This treaty was made in harmony with the Biological Diversity Convention. It was negotiated by the Food and Agriculture Organization Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

The treaty aims to:

1. Guarantee food security through the conservation, exchange, and sustainable use of the world's plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

2. Guarantee fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from the preservation and sustainable use of the world’s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

3. Recognize the farmer’s contribution to the wide variety of crops that feed the world.

4. Make plant genetic materials easily accessible for farmers, plant breeders, and scientists.

5. Recognize farmer’s right to freely access genetic resources without any restrictions by intellectual property rights.

6. Recognize farmer’s right to be involved in discussions and decisions concerning various policies relating to plant genetic materials.