Job Analysis Law and Legal Definition

Job analysis is a systematic study of jobs to determine what activities and responsibilities are included, their relationships with other jobs, the personal qualifications necessary for performance of the jobs, and the conditions under which work is performed. The purpose of job analysis is to establish and document the 'job relatedness' of employment procedures such as training, selection, compensation, and performance appraisal. Job analysis investigates the frequency and importance of duties, the percentage of time that employees spend completing duties, whether a duty constitutes a fundamental part of the job, and the extent to which duties can readily be assigned to other employees.

Some of the methods used for job analysis include:

  • review of job classification systems
  • incumbent interviews
  • supervisor interviews
  • expert panel
  • structured questionnaires
  • task inventories
  • check lists
  • open-ended questionnaires
  • observation
  • incumbent work logs