Judicial Branch Law and Legal Definition

Judicial branch is a branch of the government, along with the Legislature and the Executive. Judicial branch is independent of the other branches. This branch has the sole authority to issue binding opinions on all, on the constitution and laws. Judicial branch has the authority to hear cases not only between persons, but between persons and the government/state). Judicial branch has the authority to render binding decisions on governmental actions.

The Judicial branch of the United States is comprised of the Supreme Court of the United States, the U.S. Court of Appeals, the U.S. District Courts, the U.S. Bankruptcy Courts, Court of International Trade. The judicial branch also consists of the United States Court of Federal Claims, the Court of Military Appeals and the U.S. Tax Court which are established pursuant to Article I of the United States Constitution. The organization and structure of the United States Judicial branch is provided in 28 USC § 1 et seq.