Judicial Duty Law and Legal Definition

A judicial duty, within the meaning of the Constitution, is such a duty as legitimately pertains to an officer in the department designated by the Constitution as the judicial. By this designation is meant the judiciary in the true sense of the term. [Wilkins v. State, 113 Ind. 514, 519 (Ind. 1888)].

The judicial power is vested in courts, not in officers. Judicial officers only can exercise judicial powers or functions. The judicial functions meant by the Constitution are such only as courts and judges exercise. [State ex rel. Hovey v. Noble, 118 Ind. 350, 366 (Ind. 1889)].