Judicial Immunity Law and Legal Definition

Judicial immunity is the immunity of a judge from civil action for official activities. It is absolute immunity from liability that is granted to judges and court officers such as grand juries and prosecutors and for tortious acts or omissions done within the scope of their jurisdiction or authority. For example, a judge may not be the subject of a slander or libel suit for statements made about someone during a trial, even if the defamatory statements had nothing to do with the trial at hand. A judge generally has Immunity from civil damages if s/he had jurisdiction over the subject matter in issue.