Justices in Eyre Law and Legal Definition

Justices in Eyre are formerly English judges who traveled a circuit. Justices in Eyre were also known as Justices on circuit, Justices itinerant, Justiciarii in itinere, or Justiciarii itinerantes. These judges were regularly established under Henry the Second in 1176, with a delegated power from the king's great court, or aula regia. Justices in Eyre were regarded as members of the King's great court. These Judges made their circuit around the kingdom once in seven years to try causes. Later, by Magna Charta, they were directed to be sent into every county once a year, to take recognitions, assizes, dower or general gaol delivery.