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The Keating-Owen Act of 1916 was a federal law that imposed restrictions on child labor. The act eliminated or restricted employment for approximately a quarter of a million children.
The act forbade the transportation among states of products of factories, shops or canneries employing children less than 14 years of age, of mines employing children under 16 years of age, and the products of any of these employing children under 16 who worked at night or more than eight hours a day. However, in 1918 the Supreme Court ruled that the Keating-Owen Act was unconstitutional.