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The National Aviation Authority (NAA) is the government statutory authority in each country that oversees the approval and regulation of civil aviation. Due to the inherent dangers in the use of flight vehicles, NAA's typically regulate the following critical aspects of aircraft airworthiness and their operation:
1.Design of aircraft, engines, airborne equipment and ground-based equipment affecting flight safety ;
2.Conditions of manufacture and test of aircraft and equipment ;
3.Maintenance of aircraft and equipment ;
4.Operation of aircraft and equipment ;
5.Licensing of pilots and maintenance engineers ;
6.Licensing of airports and navigational aids ;
7.Standards for air traffic control.
Depending on the legal system of the parent country, the NAA will derive its power from an act of Parliament (such as the Civil or Federal Aviation Act), and is then empowered to make regulations within the bounds of the act. This allows technical aspects of airworthiness to be dealt with by subject matter experts and not politicians.