National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act [NCVIA] Law and Legal Definition

The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (NCVIA) of 1986 establishes a federal program for compensating victims of vaccine-related injuries or death. The Act also intents to reduce the potential financial liability of vaccine makers due to vaccine injury claim. The object of the Act is:

1. to ensure a stable market supply;

2. to provide cost effective arbitration for vaccine.

The Act with the intention to provide compensation to the victims established the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP). The program initiates to provide federal no-fault system for compensating vaccine related injuries or death.

The purposes of the Act are:

1. to establish the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) as a no-fault alternative to suits against vaccine manufacturers and healthcare providers;

2. to provide victims with an accessible and efficient means of obtaining compensation;

3. to reduce the costs of litigation;

4. to ensure adequate supplies of vaccine;

5. to stabilize the cost of vaccines;

6. to help prevent vaccine injuries through education and a vaccine adverse event reporting system (VAERS); and

7. to create incentives for developing safer vaccines.