National Treatment Law and Legal Definition

National treatment is a concept of international law that if a state provides certain rights and privileges to its own citizens; it must provide equivalent rights and privileges to foreigners who are currently in the country. It opens foreign individuals and firms the same competitive opportunities, including market access, as are available to domestic parties. The concept of equality can be found in bilateral tax treaties and World Trade Organization agreements. For example, a government policy that ‘imported and locally-produced goods should be treated equally.’