National Weather Service Law and Legal Definition

National weather service is a government agency which is regulated by federal legislation. National weather service provides various functions that is necessary to establish and record the climatic conditions of the U.S., which includes:

1. forecasting of weather;

2.issue of storm warnings,;

3.display of weather and flood signals for the benefit of agriculture, commerce, and navigation;

4.gauging and reporting of rivers;

5. maintenance and operation of seacoast telegraph lines and the collection and transmission of marine intelligence for the benefit of commerce and navigation;

6. the reporting of temperature and rain-fall conditions for the cotton interests, the display of frost and cold-wave signals; and

7. distribution of meteorological information in the interests of agriculture and commerce.

According to 15 USCS § 313d, the national weather service establishes a National Integrated Drought Information System(NIDIS). It also provides the following:

1. NIDIS provides a comprehensive system that collects and integrates information on the key indicators of drought in order to make usable, reliable, and timely drought forecasts and assessments of drought, including assessments of the severity of drought conditions and impacts;

2. NIDIS communicates drought forecasts, drought conditions, and drought impacts on an ongoing basis to:

a. decision makers at the Federal, regional, State, tribal, and local levels of government;

b. the private sector; and

c. the public,

3.NIDIS also includes timely data, information, and products that reflect local, regional, and State differences in drought conditions.****