Natural Justice Law and Legal Definition

The term natural justice signifies basic principles of justice, which are made available to every litigant during trial. Principles of natural justice are founded on reason, and enlightened public policy. These principles are adapted to the circumstances of all the cases. The maxim of audi alteram partem which implies the right to be heard) and nemo judex in causa sua which means no person may judge their own case are the most prominent principles of natural justice. Natural justice principles protects against arbitrary exercise of power by ensuring fair play and are applicable to decisions of all governmental agencies and tribunals, and judgments of all courts, which may be declared to be ultra vires if found in contravention of natural justice.