Organic Farming Law and Legal Definition

Organic farming is a form of agriculture that avoids use of synthetic and chemical inputs and completely depends on crop rotation, crop residues, green manure, legumes, off-farm organic residues, mineral bearing rocks, animal manures, compost, biological pest control, organically approved pesticide application, and mechanical cultivation. Usage of synthetic fertilizers, synthetic pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock antibiotics, food additives, and genetically modified organisms are excluded under organic farming. Main components of organic farming includes composting, vermicompost, green manuring, crop rotation, bio-fertilizer, weeds control, organic pest control, nematode control, and organic labeling. Production of palatable food free from chemical residues is ensured under organic farming. It helps to maintain soil productivity and pest’s control.

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)established in 1972 for organic organizations has defined organic farming as a production system that maintains soil health, ecosystems and people by relying on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles that accommodate to local conditions, rather than use of inputs having adverse effects.