Orientation and Mobility Law and Legal Definition

According to 32 CFR 57.3 [Title 32 National Defense; Subtitle A Department of Defense; Chapter I Office of the Secretary Of Defense; Subchapter D Personnel, Military and Civilian; Part 57 Provision of Early Intervention and Special Education Services to Eligible DoD Dependent], Orientation and Mobility refers to services provided to blind or visually impaired students by qualified personnel to enable those students to attain systematic orientation to and safe movement within their environments in school, home and community; and includes teaching students the following, as appropriate:

(1) To understand spatial and environmental concepts and use of information received by the senses (such as sound, temperature and vibrations) orientation and mobility to establish, maintain, or regain orientation and line of travel (e.g., using sound at a traffic light to cross the street);

(2) To use the long cane to supplement visual travel skills or as a tool for safely negotiating the environment for students with no available travel vision;

(3) To understand and use remaining vision and distance low vision aids; and other concepts, techniques, and tools.