Orthography Law and Legal Definition
Orthography is an aspect of language study concerned with letters and their sequences in words. The orthography of a language specifies the correct way of using a specific writing script to write the language. For example, ‘final E makes the vowel long’ is an orthography rule. Where more than one writing system is used for a language, there can be more than one orthography.
A phonemic orthography is an orthography having a dedicated symbol or sequence of symbols for each distinctive speech sound.
A morpho-phonemic orthography considers the underlying structure of the words.
A defective orthography is one in which there is more than one-to-one correspondence between the letters and the phonemes in the language.
Complex orthographies combines different types of scripts and use different complex punctuation rules.