Recognizance Law and Legal Definition

Recognizance is an obligation entered by a person before a court. Recognizer acknowledges or recognizes that he/she will do a specific act necessary by law. By doing so, a recognizer himself/herself obliged with a debt to the government. The obligation will be avoided if s/he satisfies certain conditions. Recognizance is common with regard to bail in criminal cases. Defendants are released on their own recognizance if bail bond is not set. In the U.S. it is termed as ROR meaning, ‘Release on Recognizance’.