- Ownership in a mutual or common investment fund that holds securities is not a "financial interest" in such securities unless the judge participates in the management of the fund;
- An office in an educational, religious, charitable, fraternal, or civic organization is not a "financial interest" in securities held by the organization;
- The proprietary interest of a policy holder in a mutual insurance company, of a depositor in a mutual insurance company, of a depositor in a mutual savings association, or a similar proprietary interest, is a "financial interest" in the organization
only if the outcome of the proceeding could substantially affect the value
of the interest;
- Ownership of government securities is a "financial interest" in the issuer only if the outcome of the proceeding could substantially affect the value of the securities.
No justice, judge, or magistrate shall accept from the parties to
the proceeding a waiver of any ground of disqualification enumerated in
subsection (b). Where the ground for disqualification arises only under
subsection (a), waiver may be accepted provided it is preceded by a full
disclosure on the record of the basis for disqualification.
Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this section, if any
justice, judge, magistrate, or bankruptcy judge to whom a matter has been
assigned would be disqualified, after substantial judicial time has been
devoted to the matter, because of the appearance or discovery, after the
matter was assigned to him or her, that he or she individually or as a
fiduciary, or his or her spouse or minor child residing in his or her household,
has a financial interest in a party (other than an interest that could
be substantially affected by the outcome), disqualification is not required
if the justice, judge, magistrate, bankruptcy judge, spouse or minor child,
as the case may be, divests himself or herself of the interest that provides
the grounds for the disqualification. "