Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Act Law and Legal Definition

The Rhinoceros and tiger Conservation Act (“Act”) is a federal legislation providing for the conservation of rhinoceros and tigers by supporting the conservation programs of nations whose activities directly or indirectly affect rhinoceros and tiger populations. The following are the purposes of this Act:

1.Providing financial resources for conservation programs;

2.Prohibiting the sale, importation, and exportation of products intended for human consumption or application containing, or labeled or advertised as containing, any substance derived from any species of rhinoceros or tiger.

The Act also develops and enhances programs that provides for conservation of rhinoceros or tigers by assisting efforts to:

1.Implement conservation programs;

2.Enhance compliance with provisions of laws of the U.S. or a foreign country that prohibit or regulate the taking or trade of rhinoceros or tigers or the use of rhinoceros or tiger habitat; or

3.Develop sound scientific information on that species' habitat condition and carrying capacity, total numbers and population trends, or annual reproduction and mortality.

The Act prohibits any sale, import, or export, or attempt to sell, import, or export, any product, item, or substance intended for human consumption or application containing, or labeled or advertised as containing, any substance derived from any species of rhinoceros or tiger. Pursuant to 16 USCS § 5305a, depending on the gravity of the offense, criminal or civil penalties will be granted to any person engaged in business as an importer, exporter, or distributor that knowingly violates provision of this Act.