Robots Law and Legal Definition

A robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks. The word 'robot' was coined by the Czech playwright Karel Capek from the Czech word for forced labor or serf.

The term 'robotics' refers to the study and use of robots. The first industrial modern robots were the Unimates developed by George Devol and Joe Engelberger in the late 50's and early 60's. The first patents were by Devol for parts transfer machines. Engelberger has been called the 'father of robotics' due to his founding of Unimation and being the first to market robots.