TBC Law and Legal Definition

TBC is the abbreviation for trial before the court. TBC is a trial that is conducted before a judge, without a jury. In a TBC, the judge decides both questions of fact and questions of law.

TBC is also termed trial to the bench, non-jury trial, bench trial, or judge trial.

In a TBC, the fact-finder is one or more professional judges. In common law jurisdictions, all trials in equity, of petty criminal offenses and violations, and of small claims at law are non-jury trials that are held before a single judge. In all other cases, whether criminal charges and civil claims at law, the defendant may also waive a jury and be subject to a bench trial.