The House of Representatives Law and Legal Definition

The U.S. house of representatives is the lower house of the bicameral U.S. congress. The lower house is also called the house of the people. The major function of the house is to pass federal legislation that affects the country.

The House of Representatives contains representatives from every state in accordance with the population of each state. Every state will have at least one representative in the house. The tenure of each representative is two-years. The presiding office of the house is the speaker who is elected by the members of the house.

The constitution grants the house several exclusive powers. They are:

1. to initiate revenue bills;

2. to impeach officials; and

3. to elect the president in case of an electoral college deadlock.