Trial Law and Legal Definition

In a trial the parties to a dispute come together and present their information before a competent authority, usually a court, a judge, jury or other authoritative presiding officers. The information the parties present is termed as evidence. Their dispute may be of a civil or criminal nature. The judge, jury or other presiding officer are the finders of fact who help the parties conclude their dispute. A trial is therefore the formal judicial examination of evidence in a civil or criminal matter in issue before a competent tribunal for a determination of legal claims on that issue. Trial can be principally classified as Bench trial or Jury trial.